Africa And Politics


Politics when mentioned to any African what comes to mind is Party politics due to the long-standing history and how politics has undergone a transformation in the past several generations and years.

Formally it was introduced into Africa starting from the colonial years by the colonial masters such as the British, France, Portuguese, Danish and German, etc. in the 19th century.

Before colonization came to Africa, the form of the political administration that was used by most of the indigenes was chieftaincy or royal administrations which use taboos, cultures, and customs which served as rule of law to govern its citizenry. The style of leadership seemed to be autocratic and hierarchical.

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After colonization in the 1950s, most African countries adopted formal party politics from the colonial masters through education and cultural assimilation.

Since date, in memorial, most African countries such as South Africa, Zimbabwe, Nigeria, Tanzania has adopted, accepted, and improved on political governance which has clearly improved on democratic rule of law.

The advancement cannot be mentioned without giving credit to key players in African politics who emerged to fight for African freedom from colonization and set the pace for African politics. Names such as; Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, Nelson Mandela of South Africa, Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, and the likes.

Politics in Africa has both its negative and positive impact. The positive side of it in Africa brings about healthy competition in bringing development to its nations which include formulating good policies to tackle poverty and bring development in other sectors such as education, health, Gender, industrialization, Judicial, youth development, international trade, and relations.

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The negative side seems to emerge during political power-drunk by some selfish political leaders especially during political parties’ elections and change of power.

Nevertheless, politics in Africa is growing daily, yearly, and on every election year in democratic rule and political tolerance as they continue to learn more from the developed nations and other international organizations.